In the upper element of Nigeria, which was primarily Muslim populated, Western-style knowledge was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This offered method to establishing Islamic college that targeted primarily on the Islamic education. Nowadays, person literacy has been estimated to be over 78 % for guys and 64 per cent for women. These statistics were created based on estimate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among upper Muslims. It’s thus perhaps not flawed to call Nigeria a nation dominated with intelligent persons.
Ahead of Nigeria’s freedom, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Larger college (founded in 1934, Now Yaba College of Technology) and the School of Ibadan was created in 1948. It had been then the College of the School of London until 2 yrs following the independence when she became autonomous. More distinguished universities including University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo College (formerly College of Ife), Ahmadu Bello College and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo School (formerly School of Lagos) were launched in the years that followed the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were created such as School of Benin (founded in 1970), and new college opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Interface Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were exposed along with institute devoted to Agriculture and Technology. Numerous Polytechnics were also opened, which includes the Yaba College of Engineering in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the projected enrollment in the principal colleges was 12 million, Secondary and complex colleges 1.2 million, educators colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. One would assume that with such an calculate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades after would have considerably improved. Unfortuitously the reverse has been the case.
The present fall in the Nigerian knowledge system may be followed back once again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there clearly was a scarcity of competent teachers, the several qualified educators weren’t compensated in a regular manner. The amount of schools didn’t grow with the population and lots of the current colleges were inadequately funded leading to poor maintenance. In the Universities inadequate funding resulted in the lack of place and resources. Escalation in tuition cost usually led to riots ultimately causing termination of semesters. Professional measures by the School Staff requesting for larger salaries and greater working situations also compounded the situations. However, nowadays governors generally in most state are approaching these issues 2020 jamb runs.
The injury to the academic system has been done. Many graduates absence the mandatory survival and social abilities that will have been trained in schools. These have resulted in several terrible circumstances in the nation. The middle of the nation’s development “the Knowledge program” no more supports price; hence the whole nation is slipping apart. Items of the Nigeria knowledge system aren’t employable, creating enormous unemployment and under-development in the country. Number success skills leading to increased poverty charge in the country.
The problem however is not entirely hopeless. The inspiration of education in Nigeria upon which the Europeans installed the western-style education is strong. This has managed to hold the educational system of the country together through the problem days. But, if remaining alone, we will all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things falter, The center can not hold… Anarchy is set forth everywhere.
Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a method of assessment of pupils who’ve gone through one amount of knowledge or still another at the conclusion of a term, session or academic year. But, among different worrisome developments which the industry is experiencing in the united states today, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian academic process is really a primary one that is fast accepting an amount of national and international distress and dangerous dimension. It is a damaging crisis, which or even healed soon, might destroy the nation’s all-important training sector.